Approximately 70% of cats above the age of four years and 80% of dogs above the age of three years have some degree of oral / periodontal disease. Red gums, bad breath and discoloration of teeth are all signs of periodontal disease.
Preventive home dental care is multi-faceted in its approach and is designed to address the needs of the individual patient. Recommended practices suggested by Buena Vista Road Animal Hospital includes teeth brushing with an enzyme based, edible toothpaste specially formulated for dogs and cats, along with an enzyme based water additive that is easily accepted by both species. In addition, we recommend providing your pets with special treats that contain ingredients, which are formulated to slow down the occurrence of plaque buildup.
However at certain designated time intervals, all dogs and cats will require a dental or oral assessment, treatment and plan during their life stages. Generally, smaller breeds of dogs tend to develop periodontal disease much quicker than larger breeds. Most of the infection and tartar build up of periodontal disease starts below the gum line, which is not visible, and extends over the tooth enamel causing discoloration.
In the event this disease has developed, Oral ATP is performed under anesthesia. Prior to ATP, pre-anesthetic blood work is performed to ensure that the patient is able to undergo the procedure. Oral ATP involves detailed examination of the teeth, gums and mouth, including x-rays, and cleaning the teeth utilizing a combination of ultrasonic and manual scaling. Scaling of teeth is followed by polishing and an application of a temporary plaque retardant. Extraction of teeth may be necessary depending on the degree of infection and mobility. Our staff at Buena Vista Road Animal Hospital will strive to assist you with the best care for your pet’s oral health.